-¨The beads of a necklace may be superficially dissimilar, but they have similar tubes running through them with the closed tension string leading through all the tubes.therefore stable refers only to angular invariability ¨
" A necklace is unstable. The beads of a necklace may be superficially dissimilar, but they all have similar tubes running through them with the closed tension string leading through all the tubes. The simplest necklace would be one made only of externally undecorated tubes and of tubes all of the same length. As the overall shape of the necklace changes to any and all polygonal shapes and wavy drapings, we discover that the lengths of the beads in a necklace do not change. Only the angles between the tubes change. Therefore, stable refers only to angular invariability. "
"A six-edged polygon is unstable; it forms a drapable necklace. If we make a five-sided polygon, i.e., a pentagonal necklace, it is unstable. It, too, is a drapable necklace and is structurally unstable. Why? A necklace of three rigid tubes also has three flexible angle-accommodating tension joints. Here are six separate parts, each with its unique behavior characteristics which self-interfere to produce a stable pattern. How and why? We are familiar with the principle of lever advantage gained per length of lever arm from the fulcrum. We are familiar with the principle of the shears in which two levers share a common fulcrum, and the stronger and longer the shear arms, the more powerfully do they cut. Steel-bolt cutters have long lever arms. "
Collection made by Inés J. Pedras. Insired by Bucky Fuller.